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Contraception & the Mirena Coil (IUD)

Contraception, often referred to as birth control, plays a crucial role in the lives of young women by offering them greater control over their reproductive health and life choices. Its significance extends beyond preventing unintended pregnancies, influencing various aspects of physical, emotional and social wellbeing. 

Contraception is an essential tool that significantly impacts the lives of young women. By enabling them to control their reproductive choices, it empowers them to pursue education, careers, and personal goals, fostering emotional well-being, physical health, and positive relationships. 

1. Empowerment & Autonomy 

Contraception empowers young women to make informed decisions about if and when to become parents. It allows them to pursue educational and career opportunities, nurturing their personal growth and self-reliance. 


2. Educational & Career Pursuits 

Access to reliable contraception enables young women to pursue higher education and establish their careers without the interruption of an unplanned pregnancy. This contributes to their professional growth, financial stability, and long-term success. 


3. Physical Health & Wellbeing 

Effective contraception allows young women to better plan their pregnancies, promoting optimal maternal and child health outcomes. By allowing adequate time between pregnancies, they can ensure proper prenatal care, reducing health risks for both themselves and their future children. 


4. Emotional & Mental Health 

Contraception grants young women the opportunity to build stable relationships and emotionally prepare for parenthood. It can alleviate concerns about unplanned pregnancies, reducing stress and promoting emotional wellbeing. 


5. Financial Stability 

Avoiding unintended pregnancies through contraception helps young women avoid the financial strain that can come with raising a child before they are ready. This financial stability allows them to plan for parenthood when they feel prepared. 

6. Relationships & Intimacy 

Contraception allows young women to engage in intimate relationships without the constant worry of pregnancy. It fosters open communication with partners, promoting healthy relationships based on mutual understanding and respect. 


7. Future Family Planning 

Contraception provides young women the freedom to plan their families according to their goals and circumstances. This flexibility supports their ability to provide the best environment for their children when they choose to become parents. 


8. Prevention of Health Risks 

Certain contraceptive methods, such as hormonal birth control, can offer health benefits beyond preventing pregnancy. They can regulate menstrual cycles, reduce menstrual pain, and lower the risk of conditions like ovarian cysts and endometrial cancer. 


9. Reducing Abortion Rates 

Access to contraception has been linked to a decrease in abortion rates, as it helps prevent unintended pregnancies, ensuring that young women have the means to avoid unwanted pregnancies without resorting to other measures. 

Intrauterine System (IUS)

An Intrauterine System (IUS) is a small, T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus to provide reliable and convenient contraception. It is an effective method that offers long-term protection against pregnancy while requiring minimal effort on your part. Let's delve into its uses, the fitting procedure, and its mode of action. 

Uses of an IUS 

An IUS primarily serves as a form of contraception, providing highly effective birth control for an extended period. It is suitable for women who want a hassle-free contraceptive option without the need for daily attention. Additionally, some IUS products, such as the Mirena IUS, can also be prescribed to manage heavy menstrual bleeding and as the progesterone part of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT). 

Fitting an IUS is a straightforward and safe procedure conducted by a healthcare professional, typically a specially trained nurse. Here's an overview of the fitting process: 


Your healthcare professional will start with a consultation to discuss your medical history, any concerns, and to determine if an IUS is the right option for you. 


Physical Examination:  

A pelvic examination is performed to assess the size and position of your uterus. This helps determine the appropriate size and type of IUS for your body. 



The IUS is inserted into the uterus through the cervix. This is a relatively quick procedure and may cause some discomfort, but it is usually well-tolerated. Some providers may recommend taking pain relief medication before the procedure. 



After the IUS is inserted, your healthcare provider will schedule a follow-up appointment to ensure proper placement and address any concerns you might have. 

Access to a wide range of contraceptive methods is a fundamental component of women's reproductive rights and overall wellbeing. As with Hormone Replacement Therapy, one size does not fit all when it comes to contraception. 

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