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Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS/T) 

PMS is a common condition that affects many menstruating individuals in the days leading up to their menstrual period. It is characterised by a range of physical, emotional, and behavioural symptoms that can vary in intensity from mild to severe. The exact cause of PMS is not fully understood, but hormonal fluctuations, serotonin levels, and individual sensitivity are believed to contribute. 

Symptoms of PMS

PMS symptoms can include mood changes (irritability, mood swings, depression), physical symptoms (bloating, breast tenderness, headaches), and behavioural changes (fatigue, food cravings, difficulty concentrating). 

PMS Treatment Options

Lifestyle Modifications: Implementing the aforementioned strategies can significantly alleviate PMS symptoms for many individuals. 


Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen can help manage physical symptoms. For severe symptoms, prescription medications such as birth control pills, antidepressants, or diuretics may be considered. 


Alternative Therapies: Some individuals find relief from PMS symptoms through acupuncture, herbal supplements, or chiropractic care. Consult a healthcare professional before trying alternative therapies. 


Counseling: Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) can help individuals develop coping strategies for managing emotional symptoms. 


Hormonal Treatments: Birth control pills, particularly those with extended cycles, can regulate hormone levels and reduce symptoms.


Certain supplements like calcium, magnesium, and vitamin B6 have shown potential in alleviating PMS symptoms. Consult a healthcare provider before starting any supplement regimen. 

Management Strategies

Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in whole grains, lean proteins, fruits, and vegetables can help regulate blood sugar levels and reduce mood swings and cravings. 


Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can improve mood, reduce bloating, and promote overall well-being. 


Stress Management: Relaxation techniques like deep breathing, yoga, meditation, and mindfulness can help manage stress and its impact on PMS symptoms. 


Adequate Sleep: Prioritising sufficient sleep can help alleviate fatigue and improve mood stability. 


Caffeine and Alcohol Moderation: Reducing caffeine and alcohol intake can help minimise mood swings and irritability. 

Individuals experiencing severe or disruptive PMS symptoms should consult a healthcare professional. A thorough medical evaluation can determine the best approach for managing symptoms. Treatment plans should be tailored to individual needs, preferences, and the severity of symptoms. 

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