Women going through menopause may be at an increased risk of developing gum disease (periodontal disease) due to hormonal changes and other factors associated with this life stage. 
Here are some reasons why menopausal women may develop gum disease: 
Hormonal changes : During menopause, there is a significant decline in oestrogen levels. Oestrogen helps to regulate the immune system and maintain the health of the oral tissues, including the gums. The decrease in oestrogen levels can lead to changes in the gum tissues, making them more susceptible to inflammation and infection. 
Dry mouth : Some menopausal women may experience dry mouth (xerostomia), which is a common symptom during this phase. Reduced saliva flow can contribute to an imbalanced oral environment, as saliva helps to cleanse the mouth, neutralize acids, and protect against bacterial growth. With less saliva, the risk of plaque buildup and gum disease increases. 
Bone density loss : Menopause is also associated with a loss of bone density, including the jawbone that supports the teeth. When the jawbone becomes weaker, it can compromise the stability of the teeth and increase the risk of gum disease. 
Increased inflammation : Menopause can trigger systemic inflammation in the body. Chronic inflammation can contribute to the development and progression of gum disease. 
Lifestyle factors : Menopausal women may also be more susceptible to lifestyle factors that increase the risk of gum disease, such as poor oral hygiene, smoking, and inadequate nutrition. 
It is important for menopausal women to prioritise their oral health during this phase. 
Regular dental check-ups, proper oral hygiene practices (brushing twice a day, flossing daily), maintaining a balanced diet, and avoiding tobacco use are essential for preventing and managing gum disease. 
If gum disease is already present, your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend specific treatments, such as deep cleanings (scaling) or other interventions to address the condition. 
If you would like any advice or guidance regarding the impact of the menopause on your overall health, please do get in touch with us. We're here to help! 
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