An Intrauterine System (IUS) is a small, T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus to provide reliable and convenient contraception. It is an effective method that offers long-term protection against pregnancy while requiring minimal effort on your part.
An IUS primarily serves as a form of contraception, providing highly effective birth control for an extended period. It is suitable for women who want a hassle-free contraceptive option without the need for daily attention. Additionally, some IUS products, such as the Mirena IUS, can also be prescribed to manage heavy menstrual bleeding and as the progesterone part of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT).
Fitting an IUS is a straightforward and safe procedure conducted by a healthcare professional, typically a specially trained nurse. Here's an overview of the fitting process:
Consultation:Your healthcare professional will start with a consultation to discuss your medical history, any concerns, and to determine if an IUS is the right option for you.
Physical Examination:A pelvic examination is performed to assess the size and position of your uterus. This helps determine the appropriate size and type of IUS for your body.
Insertion:The IUS is inserted into the uterus through the cervix. This is a relatively quick procedure and may cause some discomfort, but it is usually well-tolerated. Some providers may recommend taking pain relief medication before the procedure.
Follow-up:After the IUS is inserted, your healthcare provider will schedule a follow-up appointment to ensure proper placement and address any concerns you might have.
The IUS functions by releasing a controlled amount of a synthetic hormone called levonorgestrel into the uterus. This hormone primarily works by:
Thickening Cervical Mucus:Levonorgestrel thickens the cervical mucus, creating a barrier that makes it difficult for sperm to reach and fertilise the egg.
Inhibiting Ovulation:In some cases, the IUS may suppress ovulation, further reducing the chances of pregnancy.
Thinning Uterine Lining:The hormone can also thin the lining of the uterus, making it less suitable for embryo implantation.
The IUS's mode of action provides a multi-layered approach to contraception, greatly reducing the likelihood of pregnancy.